Stoppage Time Blog

Writing about Sheffield and Rotherham women's football herstory.


(Photo above: Firth Vickers Ladies' football team, 1917)

 

Sheffield women's football history monolith 1 - Sheffield women's football history monolith 1 outside Sheffield station with Ruth Johnson and Elaine Williams.
Sheffield women's football history monolith 1, Sheffield station (Image: Sarah Choonara)
EURO 2022 Sheffield Walkabout 

By Sarah Choonara, August 2022. Published 02/9/2022.

On the day before the UEFA Women's EURO 2022 final, what better way to spend time than to stroll through Sheffield City Centre with footballing friends. 

Ruth Johnson – FURD teammate, coach, development worker, football researcher – has been a key part of Sheffield’s EURO 22 celebration as a host city. The careful work Ruth has undertaken researching the role of women and girls in Sheffield’s footballing history has rightfully been given a prominent place in Sheffield’s public spaces. 

Joined by fellow players Pauline Braham and Elaine Williams, we embarked on a walking tour to take it all in. (*Please note, the exhibitions are on show until the end of September 2022, but some of the exhibits have since been relocated - here's a full guide to what's where in September 2022): 

Women's football short story dispenser, Millennium Galleries - Women's football short story dispenser by SHU, Millennium Galleries, with Elaine Williams, 30 July 2022
Women's football short story dispenser c/o Sheffield Hallam University in the Millennium Gallery (Image: Sarah Choonara)
First stop, the concourse outside Sheffield train station. Here are 2 “monoliths” - large, colourful, 3-sided panels chronicling some of the key moments in local footballing history that Ruth has uncovered. Before we took this in however, there was time for a chat with Sue Bagshaw – goalkeeper with Nunny’s Funky Boots - and her partner Debs who were at the station, due to set off to London to take in the final. As you can imagine, their excitement was palpable! 

As we went over to the panels, reading them and discussing their content, several people joined us. We are able to have some really lovely interactions with the public, including a man who had come over from Switzerland, talking about the material on the panels and what their experience of the Euros was.   

Here is Ruth talking us through the first panel: 

Stoppage Time panels in the Winter Gardens - Stoppage Time panels in the Winter Gardens with Elaine, Pauline and Ruth, guided tour 30th July 2022.
Stoppage Time panels in the Winter Gardens (Image: Sarah Choonara)

Check out the panels for yourself. See if you can find the answers to this quiz! 

Sheffield monoliths Quiz: 

Panel 1. The 19th century: 

On 30th May 1881, how many spectators paid to watch two touring teams of women calling themselves ‘England’ and ‘Scotland’ at the Queen’s Hotel Grounds, Hillsborough, Sheffield? 

Panel 2. The First World War 1914-1918: 

The First World War was a boom time for women’s football. 

Photo of FURD group on Stoppage Time BME players panel - Photo of FURD group on Stoppage Time BME players panel
Photo of FURD footballers on Stoppage Time BME players panel (Image: FURD)
In the 1917-1918 season there was a League local to this area, what was it called? 

Panel 3. 1921: 

During the summer of 1921, several women’s teams formed in the coal mining villages around Doncaster and played matches to raise money for what? 

Panel 4. During the ban 1922-1968:

During the FA ban, there were a few charity and recreational games, but little regular organised football. But where in Sheffield was there on 30th July 1932, a charity match between England and France which England won 4-2 in front of about 2,000 spectators? 

Panel 5. Emerging from the ban: The 1970-1989: 

Stoppage Time display in Sheffield Central Library foyer - Stoppage Time display in Sheffield Central Library foyer
Stoppage Time display in Sheffield Central Library foyer (Image: Sarah Choonara)
In 1970 a Sheffield Ladies League was established, it folded in the mid-1970s but some of the teams still exist under different names. Who used to play under the names Kilnhurst and Star Inn? 

Panel 6. The 1990s-2022: 

Which division in the footballing pyramid are Sheffield United currently in? 

__________________________________________________________________________________ 

Next we walked up to the Winter Gardens stopping to have a go on the Women's Football Story Dispenser from which you can choose a footballing story of 1, 3 or 5 minutes duration – great idea for sharing our footballing stories widely! 

In the Winter Gardens you can see the display about the Stoppage Time Project.

Stoppage Time memorabilia in Sheffield Central Library - Stoppage Time memorabilia in Sheffield Central Library
Women's football memorabilia in Sheffield Central Library (Image: Sarah Choonara)
Ruth has compiled pictures of several women who played in Sheffield over the past decades, including many women of colour whose stories may otherwise go untold. Here what she says: 

And of course, we have to have a photo showing some of the many, many women from so many different backgrounds who have played at FURD.  

Sarah and Ruth on Sarah's artwork - Sarah Choonara and Ruth Johnson on Sarah's artwork. 30/7/22, Sheffield city centre.
Sarah with Ruth on Sarah's FURD-inspired artwork (Image: Elaine Williams)
There is so much about Sheffield’s footballing history to be uncovered. That includes YOUR story – get in touch to get involved! 

We then moved on to Sheffield Central Library where Ruth has helped to compile an impressive collection of stories and artefacts from our rich history. Check out the caps, shirts, biogs, programmes… so much to take in from the women who never stopped kicking a ball, no matter what the odds were against them. 

After leaving the library, we walked through town and past the giant football in the Peace Gardens (very difficult to pose for an action shot with in my opinion!). There are further monoliths outside the Town Hall and the Cathedral detailing more general women’s football history. 

Then final stop is one of the artistically adorned concrete blocks – ok, this one happened to be my own piece of work paying homage to three of the many women in FURD who have inspired me. Here’s me with Ruth trying to recreate the pose! 

Thanks Ruth for all the hard work. What a delightful afternoon and part of many great EURO 22 memories. 

Don’t forget to catch all panels and exhibition pieces while they are still here! 

 

 

FURD and FFF 8th August 2021
FURD and FFF 8th August 2021 (Image: Alice Rhind-Tutt)
Football for Fundraising - a tradition worth reviving?

By Sarah Choonara. Published 25/8/2021.

On Sunday 8th August 2021, Football Unites, Racism Divides (FURD)'s women's team played their first 11-a-side match at Concord Sports Centre, Sheffield. This was a friendly game at the invitation of Football For Foodbanks' (FFF) Sheffield women and gender minorities' division and ended in a 5-2 victory for FURD.

FFF and FURD players between them took along enough foodbank donations to fill two large trollies, and these are being donated to Nether Edge and Sharrow foodbanks.

It may be hard to see how the simple joy of an 11 a side game of football on a Sunday afternoon has close parallels with a distinct feature of our social history. But on Sunday 8 August at Concord Sports Centre in Sheffield two local grassroots organisations - Football Unites Racism Divides (FURD) and Football For Foodbanks (FFF) - came together and echoed the activities of sisters from 100 years ago. 

Foodbank donations from FURD and FFF
Foodbank donations from FURD and FFF (Image: Alice Rhind-Tutt)
The development of football outside of a perhaps more familiar male history is a fascinating story. From the mid 1800s until 1921 - which is when the Football Association (FA) voted to ban women playing on FA affiliated grounds - there had been a significant growth in the number of women and girls playing organised football in the UK. Women, largely those who had the means to, had been arranging matches for leisure in the early days of codified football, as their male counterparts would have done. But much of the press at the time shows evidence of the derision and hostility they faced from within a patriarchal culture. During the first world war a wider swathe of women had more opportunity to organise football activities as employees in munition factories, forming factory teams to play each other. The number of women players, teams and leagues grew, as did public interest. Matches between women's teams became great spectacles and, in turn, fundraising events, notably for those needing assistance during and after the war.

There is more being uncovered every day about this period. Ruth Johnson works as a Resources & Information Worker and Women & Girls' Football Development Worker at FURD, said:  “A lot of people think that women only started playing football in the last few years so a group of us have come together to form a project group called ‘Stoppage Time’”. 

The project focusses on researching the history and more contemporary accounts of women playing football in and around Sheffield. Ruth has found much evidence of local women's football and associated fundraising during and just after the first world war.

A South Yorkshire Ladies League included teams such as the National Projectile Factory, Vickers and Cooke’s from Sheffield, National Shell Factory and Empire Mills from Barnsley, and Doncaster Wire Works. In December 1916 a crowd of 10,000 watched a match between munitions workers from Vickers Works Projectile Shops in Sheffield at Vickers sports ground, raising £100 for the Wounded Colliers Fund. In April 1917 a team representing a local munitions works’ beat a Vickers’ Works team 5-0 at Oakwell, Barnsley. This charity match attracted a crowd of over 4,000 and a month later an estimated 17,000 watched a charity match involving Sheffield and Barnsley ladies at Hillsborough. 

The famous Dick, Kerr Ladies factory team visited South Yorkshire in 1921. Playing at Rotherham in front of 20,000 spectators, they beat Lister’s Ladies of Bradford 7-0, raising £800 for unemployed ex-servicemen. They went on to beat Atalanta Ladies from Huddersfield 4-0 at Hillsborough, Sheffield, in front of around 22,000 spectators, raising about £1,000 for Sheffield and Preston hospitals and the Railway Benevolent Fund.

Soup Kitchen Soccer, a webpage by Patrick Brennan researching the way women’s football supported mining families during the 1921 and 1926 coal disputes in the North East of England also uncovered evidence of the same in Yorkshire. In 1921 several charity matches took place in the South Yorkshire coalfields to raise money for striking miners. Teams included Thurnscoe, Bentley, Doncaster, Goldthorpe, Woodlands, Highfields, Adwick and Carcroft. The Bentley Ladies' team raised funds for local soup kitchens and their contemporaries in the other villages would have done similar.

Of course, women should always have been at liberty to play football for the joy of playing football or for any other reason they chose. But it is not hard to imagine that this rich tradition of raising funds also helped to build and sustain women's football at a time when women, and working class women in particular, had even less agency and autonomy than they do today.

But this was of course not sufficient to see women's football surviving the narrow minded patriarchy in the FA and in wider society. In fact, it was turned against the women themselves when unfounded accusations of donation money being used as players’ expenses formed part of the FA’s ‘evidence’ that a ban on women's football was in order. The threat to the establishment of women having choices, and a political power as they supported workers in dispute, was too much for the FA and their outrageous ban was imposed.

Bentley Ladies were scheduled to play another ‘Soup Kitchen’ match against Hey's Brewery Ladies of Bradford on Boxing Day 1921. But the FA’s ban on 5th December put a stop to this. The growth in women's football and the associated causes it supported had been dealt a violent blow.

Women continued to show resilience and resourcefulness and kept playing whenever and wherever they could in the 50 years under this ban, but so much lost time, resource and momentum has been a big wound to heal.

100 years on after the ban was imposed, it is heartening to see Sheffield's dynamic grassroots football scene.

Alice Rhind-Tutt of the Football For Foodbanks Women and Gender Minorities (WGM) Division says “We were started by a group of players who had been denied football opportunities elsewhere, so decided to make their own. It’s wonderful to find similar schemes around Sheffield with the same ethos and attitude.”

Football For Foodbanks has quickly become a great role model for using football as a charitable tool to help people in food and period poverty. The women of FURD represent a local body who have used football to raise awareness and campaign against racism since 1995. They came together to play a friendly match - FURD women’s first ever 11 a side contest - with participants and spectators bringing foodbank items for collection.

Harper Shillam, another FFF WGM division player says “Amongst all the talk of the vast sums of money in the men’s sport today, it was so refreshing to return to our roots. The match itself was a well-fought game against a skillful and well-organised opponent; and to be able to both come together to help fund something as important and crucial as helping those most in need put food on the table is so wonderful.”

Alice adds that it was “a fun, friendly and inclusive match that supports local communities to boot! We’re really grateful to all the FURD players for welcoming us and being so generous with their donations of food and essentials.”

“Thank you to FURD for an amazing match and to everyone who helped organise the fixture.” says Harper “Thank you also to everyone who came and cheered us both on. Let’s do it again sometime!”

It was indeed a joyous and collaborative occasion and a great echo of, and tribute to, our sisters who did similar 100 years ago and all those who were prevented from doing so.